Adapted Aquatics


Adapted Aquatic & Rehabilitation Certifications

Adapted Aquatics Programs

Adapted Aquatics Assessment


Games & Activities



Web Sites



Books & Tapes

Equipment & Supplies

Letter from the Editor


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Aquatic Assessment  (criteria based):

Special Olympics Swimming and Diving sports skills instructional program.

Lepore, M., Gayle, G. W., & Stevens, S. F. (2007). Adapted aquatic programs: A professional guide. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Dunn, J., Morehouse, J., and Frederick, B. (1986).  Physical education for the severely handicapped: A systematic approach to a data-based gymnasium (2nd.).  Austen, TX: Pro-Ed.

Killian, K.J., Arena-Ronde, S. , and  Bruno, L. (1987). Refinement of two instruments the assess water orientation in atypical swimmers.  Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. 4(1), 25-27.

Martin-Nichols Evaluation of Beginning Swimming Skills of the Severely and Profoundly Retarded

Sherrill, C. (2004).  Adapted physical activity. recreation, and sport: Crossdisciplinary and lifespan (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Carter, M.J., Dolan, M.A., and LeConey, S.P. (1994). Designing instructional swim programs for individuals with disabilities. Reston, VA: AAHEPRD.

DePaepe, J.L., (1980).  A present level of performance assessment for children with developmental lag or low motor ability.  Unpublished masters thesis, State University of New York, Brockport, NY.


Motor & Fitness Assessments:

Exercise/Fitness: Assessing Your Child's Health-Related Physical Fitness -

Denver developmental screening test II -


ICAN health/fitness module -

AAPHERD Health Related Fitness Test and Test Manual
1980, AAHPERD, Reston, VA

Achievement-Based Curriculum (ABC)
Pro-Ed, 8700 Shoal Creek Blvd., Austin, TX 78758

Adapted Physical Education Assessment Scale (APEAS)
Los Angeles USD, Los Angeles, CA

Adapted Physical Education Assessment Scale - Secondary (APEAS2)
Los Angeles USD, Los Angeles, CA

Aquatic Orientation Checklist

Bagley Scale of Infant Development II

Basic Motor Ability Test-Rev. (BMAT-r)
1979, from The Clumsy Child: A Program of Motor Therapy, Second Edition, C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis, MO

Beery-Butkteica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI)
4th Ed. Rev., Modern Curriculum Press, Parsippany, NJ

Brigance Inventory of Early Development II
1978, Curriculum Associates, Inc., North Billerica, MA

Brockport Physical Fitness Manual
1999, Winnick, J.P. & Short, F.X., Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL

Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency II
1978, American Guidance Services, Inc., Circle Pines, MN

Buell’s AAHPERD Youth Physical Fitness Test Adaption for the Blind

Buell’s Physical Education Achievement Scales for Visually Handicapped

The Collier-Azuse Scale

Computer Assisted Adapted Physical Education Assessment Instruments
1998, Dan Cariaga, PC Consulting Service, PO Box 1332, Pismo Beach, CA 93448

Cooper’s 12-Minute Run Test

Cratty Six Category Gross Motor Test
1974, from Motor Activity and the Education of Retardates, 2nd Ed., Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, PA

Dash– 2
1999, Developmental Assessment for Individuals with Severe Disabilities, PRO-ED, 8700 Shoal Creek Boulevard, Austin, TX 78757-6897

Denver Developmental Screening Test

Denver Developmental Screening Test II

Developmental Test of Visual Perception II

DEVPRO Motor Skills Assessment

Dr. Paepe Positioning and Bouyancy Checklist

Dr. Paepe Propulsion in the Water Checklist

Fait’s Physical Fitness Test (Severe MR)

Frosting Developmental Test of Visual Perception

Gesell Developmental Schedule

Godfrey Kiphard Movement Pattern Checklist

HELP Strands, Curriculum-Based Developmental Assessment (Birth to 3)
1994, Adapted from Hawaii Early Learning Program, by Stephanie Parks, VORT Corporation, Palo Alto, CA

Hilsendager’s Basic Motor Fitness (BD)

Hughes Basic Gross Motor Assessment Manual
1979, by Jeanne E. Hughes

Kansas Adapted/Special Physical Education Test

Lateral and Anteroposterior Rating Chart, Adapted from New York Physical Fitness Test

Motor Skills Inventory
from Body Skills Curriculum, American Guidance Services, Inc, Circle Pines, MN

Movement Assessment Battery for Children

New York Posture Rating Chart

Ordinal Scales
1985, Development Scales of Gross and Fine Motor Development, Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, CA

Oregon Data Based Gymnasium
Dr. John Dunn

OSU-Scale of Intra-gross Motor Assessment (OSU_SIGMA)
Mohican Textbook Publishing Co., Loudonville, LH 44842

Peabody Developmental Motor Scales II
2nd Ed., (PDMS-2), PRO-ED, Austin TX

Physical Best
1988, The AAHPERD Guide to Physical Fitness Education and Assessment, AHPERD, Reston, VA

Physical Best and individuals with disabilities: A handbook for inclusion in fitness programs

Preschool Developmental Scale
Los Angeles USD, Los Angeles, CA

President's Challenge
1993, President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sport, Poplars Research Center, Bloomington, IN

Project ACTIVE
1991, Joe Karp, 20214 103rd Place, NE, Bothell, WA 98011-2455

Project UNIQUE
1985, Human Kinetics Publishers, Champaign, IL

1993, Cooper Institute for Aerobic Research, Dallas, TX

Sherrill Perceptual-Motor Screening Checklist

The Purdue Perceptual Motor Survey

Test of Gross Motor Development II
2000, 2nd Ed, (TGMD-2), PRO-ED, Inc., Austin, TX

Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD)
1985, PRO-ED, Inc., Austin, TX

Test of Motor Impairment - Henderson Revision

Test of Visual-Perceptual Skills Non-Motor Upper Level (TVPS-UL)
1992, Psychological and Educational Publications, Inc., Burlingame, CA

Test of Visual-Perceptual Skills non-motor (TVPS)
1988, Health Publishing Company, in affiliation with Children's Hospital, San Francisco, CA


Contact Information

Phillip Conatser, PhD, CAPE

Associate Professor

University of Texas RIo Grande Valley                                           

College of Health Affairs

Department of Health and Human Performance

80 Fort Brown

Brownsville, TX 78520

Office: (956) 882-5701

Cell: (956) 561-1825